The primary energy source is projected from the diaphragm plate's surface. The additional (5) surfaces of the Immersible also vibrate with a much lower peak-to-peak displacement. The resulting cavitational forces in front of these surfaces are considered secondary to that of the diaphragm plate's.
The Immersible's secondary energy source offer additional advantages to the processing installation. The secondary ultrasonic energy source from the multiple vibrating surfaces contributes to the overall acoustic performance of the system. This energy can be directed to do useful work or to facilitate clean-in-place operations.